1-butanol is a colorless, odorless liquid with a boiling point of 117.7 C and slightly soluble in water. It is a solvent for a variety of coatings and a raw material for the plasticizer Dibutyl Phthalate (see phthalate ester), and is also used in the manufacture of butyl acrylate, butyl acetate, ethylene glycol butyl ether, as well as an organic synthesis intermediate and biochemical drug. The extractant is also used in the manufacture of surfactants. 1-butanol, also known as n- butanol or butanol, is a kind of alcohols. Each molecule has four carbon atoms and its molecular formula is CH3CH2CH2CH2OH. There are three isomers, namely isobutanol, SEC butanol and tert butyl alcohol.
A colorless, wine - smelling liquid
English Name: 1-Butanol
English synonyms: alcoolbutylique (French); butanol (French); Butanol-1; Butanolen; Butanolo; Butanols; butylalcohol (non-specificname); Butylowy non-specificname
Molecular formula: C4H10O
Molecular weight: 74.12
Melting point: -89 C
Boiling point: 117.6 C
Density: 0.81 g/mL at 25 degree C (lit.)
Vapor density: 2.55 (vs air)
Refractive index: n20/D 1.399 (lit.)
FEMA: 2178 BUTYL ALCOHOL
Flash point: 95 F
Storage conditions: Store at RT.
Solubility water: soluble
Color APHA: less than 10
It is mainly used in the manufacture of n-butyl two carboxylic acid, aliphatic diacid and phosphoric acid butyl ester plasticizer. They are widely used in various plastics and rubber products. It is also the raw material for preparing butyric aldehyde, butyric acid, butyrate and butyl lactate in organic synthesis. Or oil, drugs (such as antibiotics, hormones and vitamins) and perfume extractant, alkyd resin additives. It can also be used as solvent for organic dyes and printing inks, and dewaxing agents.
Remove contaminated clothing and rinse the skin thoroughly with soapy water and clear water.
Lift eyelids and rinse with flowing or normal saline. Go to a doctor.
Quickly out of the scene to the fresh air. Keep the respiratory tract unobstructed. If breathing is difficult, oxygen is given. If breathing is stopped, artificial respiration is carried out immediately. Go to a doctor.
Drink plenty of warm water and urge vomiting. Go to a doctor.
Flammable, vapor and air can form explosive mixture, in case of open fire, high heat can cause combustion and explosion. It can react strongly with the oxidizing agent. It is easy to produce and accumulate static electricity when the velocity is too fast. Its vapor is heavier than air and can spread to a relatively low level at a relatively low level.
[harmful combustion products]
Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
[fire extinguishing method]
Spray cooling container, if possible, move the container from the fire to the open. Fire extinguishing agents: foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder and sand.
Store in a cool, ventilated storeroom. Stay away from fire and heat. The temperature of the reservoir should not exceed 30 degrees C. Keep the container seal. It should be kept separately from the oxidizing agent and avoid the mixture. The use of explosion-proof lighting, ventilation facilities. It is forbidden to use mechanical equipment and tools that are easy to generate sparks. Emergency handling equipment and suitable storage materials should be provided in the storage area.
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